Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

CareClick Healthcare

CareClick Healthcare

15-Feb-2021 - 1 min read

What is OSTEOPOROSIS?

 

 It is a medical condition characterized by deficiency in bone mass or density resulting in fragility and porosity of bones thereby making the bones susceptible to easy fractures.

 

It manifest in both sexes with decrease in bone density occurring from the age of 35 years. Bone loss occurs more rapidly and more prevalent in postmenopausal females due to severe drop in the production of the hormone oestrogen.

 

Patients may not be aware that they have osteoporosis until they suffer painful fractures. There are no manifest symptoms until bone fracture occurs and diagnosis can only be suggested by X-rays and confirmed by tests to measure bone density.

 

Risk factors that will increase one's susceptibility to osteoporosis are -

 

  1. Female gender,
  2. Caucasian or Asian race,
  3. Thin or small body frame,
  4. Family history of osteoporosis,
  5. Personal history of fractures as an adult,
  6. Cigarette smoking,
  7. Excessive alcohol consumption,
  8. Lack of exercise,
  9. Diet low in calcium,
  10. Poor nutrition and poor general health,
  11. Low estrogen levels in women,
  12. Low testosterone levels in men,
  13. Chemotherapy,
  14. Amenorrhea,
  15. Chronic immobility from a stroke,
  16. Hyperthyroidism,
  17. Lack of Vitamin D.

 

Bone fractures result in acute pain and is responsible for decrease in quality of life, loss of work days, and disability.

 

Generally, direct health care costs from Osteoporosis fractures amount to billions, without taking into account the indirect costs, such as lost days at work and productivity.

 

Approximately 20% of those who experience a hip fracture will die in the year following the fracture. Only one-third of hip fracture patients regain their pre-fracture level of function.

 

Generally, the higher the bone density, the stronger the bones. What determines the bone strength is influenced by genetic factors which in turn are modified by environmental factors and medications.

 

The goal of treatment of Osteoporosis is to prevent fractures by reducing bone loss or preferably, by increasing bone density and strength. None of the available treatments are complete cures for osteoporosis, therefore prevention is most important in the treatment.

 

There are prescription medications that stop bone loss and increase bone density and strength. 

 

Treatments in addition to prescription medications for osteoporosis include - stopping the excessive use of alcohol and cigarette smoking, having adequate exercise, eating diets that have adequate amounts of calcium and Vitamin D.

 

Lifestyle changes have been shown to have tremendous effect on prevention of bone loss

 

Consult with our team of medical professionals at Careclick for more insight and counselling.

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