Dealing with Gout
23-Feb-2021 - 1 min read
DEALING WITH GOUT
Gout is a common and complex form of arthritis characterized by sudden sharp pains and resulting swelling and redness that affects joints particularly the joint at the base of the big toe.
It is caused by the accumulation of urate crystals around the joint leading to intense pain. Urate crystals can form when there are high levels of uric acid in the blood.
Gout almost always occur suddenly and often at night with intense joint pain, usually the joint at the base of the big toe, but can also affect other joints like the ankles, knees, elbows, wrists and fingers. The pain and discomfort may linger even after the most intense pain has subsided, lasting from a few days to a few weeks.
The effect of Gout is inflammation, pain, tenderness and redness that affects the joint. As gout progresses one may not be able to move the affected joint normally as a result the range of movement is limited.
Causative factors for Gout include age and gender, genetics, lifestyle choices, lead exposure, weight, medications, recent trauma and other health problems.
Most Gout cases are treated with specific medications. Commonly used medications include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and/or corticosteroids. These reduce inflammation and pain in the area affected by Gout.
Some medications are used to reduce the production of uric acid or improve the kidney's ability to remove uric acid from the body.
Lifestyle and dietary guidelines such as maintaining high fluid intake of 2 to 4litres per day, avoiding alcohol consumption and maintaining a healthy body weight helps to protect you against flares and prevent Gout from occurring.
Also decrease consumption of foods that are high in purines to ensure that the levels of uric acid in the blood do not get too high. Avoid too much red meat, alcohol and fructose-containing beverages which can increase the risk as well.
Consult with our team of medical professionals at Careclick for more insight, counselling and treatment.
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