08-Feb-2021 - 1 min read
Common Cold is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. It is caused by rhinoviruses that spread through the air by coughing and sneezing air droplets by an infected person.
It is a respiratory illness that share the same symptoms like the Flu - runny nose, sneezing, body aches and general fatigue.
Common Cold rarely cause additional health problems unlike the Flu which can lead to far more severe symptoms like sinus and ear infections, pneumonia and sepsis.
Symptoms of the Common Cold includes congestion, sinus pressure, running nose, stuffy nose, loss of smell and taste, sneezing, watery nasal secretions, and drainage in the back of the throat.
Other head symptoms are watery eyes, headaches, sore throat, cough, swollen lymph nodes. It also include body aches, chills, fatigue, low grade fever, chest discomfort and difficulty breathing deeply.
Where Common Cold has been diagnosed, one can only treat the symptoms until the virus has had a chance to run its course. It is a viral infection that cannot be treated with antibiotics.
Remedies for Common Cold especially for adults include- the use of decongestants, antihistamines, and pain relievers. Remedies are usually a combination of these medicines.
Other home remedies include gargling with warm salt water, adequate rest and staying hydrated.
These remedies do not cure or treat a cold, instead they only just relieve or make the symptoms less severe and easier to manage.
The decongestants help to ease nasal congestion and stuffiness. Antihistamines prevent sneezing and runny noses. While the pain relievers ease the general body aches.
When one is sick, the body needs the energy that is provided by food. Therefore, even when you do not feel like eating when sick, you must eat good food which is helpful for recovery from cold, such meals like chicken pepper soup, warm liquids, hot tea, yogurts, etc.
The common side effects from over the counter (OTC) cold medications are -
There are certain conditions that increase your risk of catching the common cold, these are
a) time of the year, especially during fall and winter
b) age, children under the age of 6 are more proned to catching cold
c) environment, especially on a plane or crowded cinema
d) compromised immune system, when one has been sick for a very long time
e) debilitating lifestyles like smoking.
The average Common Cold lasts from 7 to 10 days, depending on one's overall health.
Consult with us at Careclick for more information on how to deal with COMMON COLD.